FROST FISH CREEK PLANT IDENTIFICATION

NATIVE PLANTS
Click on plant names to navigate to details of each plant:
American Holly (Ilex opaca)
  • Plant Type:

    • Evergreen tree

  • Height:

    • 25-60ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White flowers in spring

    • Red fruit on female plants that persists through winter

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Fruit serves as a winter food source

 
American Holly 1.jpg
American_Holly_2.jpg
American Royal Fern 1.jpg
American Royal Fern (Osmunda spectabilis)
  • Plant Type:

    • Perennial plant

  • Height:

    • 2-5in

  • Benefits:

    • Provides shelter to animals

 
American_Royal_Fern_2.jpg
Bayberry (Morella caroliniensis)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

  • Height:

    • 5-12ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Flowers in spring

    • Clusters of waxy, bluish-white fruit on female plants that persist through winter

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts birds and butterflies

    • Fruit serves as a winter food source

 
Bayberry_2.jpg
IMG_5051.HEIC
Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
  • Plant Type:

    • Evergreen shrub

  • Height:

    • 3-12in

    Flower / Fruit:

    • White-pink urn-shaped flowers in spring

    • Bright red fruit

    Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Fruit serves as a winter food source

 
Bearberry.jpg
IMG_3686.jpg
Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous tree

  • Height:

    • 30-90ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White flowers in spring

    • Followed by purple-black fruit

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Showy and aromatic flowers

    • Foliage turns vibrant yellow, orange, and red in fall

 
IMG_4699.HEIC
IMG_4662.HEIC
Black Huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

  • Height:

    • 1-3ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White, bell-shaped flowers in spring that turn pink

    • Purple-black fruit

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Foliage turns vibrant orange and red in fall

 
Black Oak (Quercus velutina)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

  • Height:

    • 50-60ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Acorns

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Foliage turns vibrant orange and red in fall

    • Acorns serve as a winter food source

 
Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous tree

  • Height:

    • 30-60ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Green-white flowers in spring

    • Blue fruit

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, and butterflies

    • Foliage turns vibrant yellow, orange, and red in fall

 
IMG_7525.jpg
Black_Tupelo_2.jpg
Bracken_Fern_2_edited.jpg
Bracken Fern (Pteridium aquilinum)
  • Plant Type:

    • Perennial plant

  • Height:

    • 2-4ft

  • Benefits:

    • Provides shelter to animals

 
Bracken Fern 1.jpg
Canada Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)
  • Plant Type:

    • Perennial plant

  • Height:

    • 2-6in

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Yellow flowers in late summer

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

 
IMG_7643.jpg
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Carolina Rose (Rosa carolina)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

    Height:

    • 2-4ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Pink flowers in spring

    • Red fruit that persists through winter

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees and birds

    • Fruit serves as a winter food source

 
Cinnamon Fern (Osmundastrum cinnamomeum)
  • Plant Type:

    • Perennial plant

    Height:

    • 2-4ft

  • Benefits:

    • Provides shelter to animals

 
Common Shadbush (Amelanchier canadensis)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous tree

    Height:

    • 10-25ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White flowers in spring

    • Red-purple fruit

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Foliage turns vibrant gold, orange, and red and purple in fall

 
common shadbush.jpeg
shadbush.jpeg
Dwarf Chestnut Oak (Quercus prinoides)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous tree

  • Height:

    • 12-25ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Yellow-green flowers in spring

    • Acorns

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Acorns serve as a winter food source

 
Glaucous-leaved Greenbriar (Smilax glauca)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub with vine-like growth

    Height:

    • Extends 3-20ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Yellow-green flowers in spring

    • Black-blue fruit that persists through winter

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts birds

    • Fruit serves as a winter food source

 
IMG_3689.jpg
Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

  • Height:

    • 6-12ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White, bell-shaped flowers in spring

    • Blue fruit

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Foliage turns vibrant red in fall

 
IMG_1921.HEIC
Lowbush Blueberry.jpg
Lowbush Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

  • Height:

    • 1-2ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White, bell-shaped flowers in spring

    • Blue fruit

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Foliage turns vibrant red in fall

 
IMG_1834.JPEG
Maleberry (Lyonia ligustrina)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

    Height:

    • 6-12ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White flowers in spring

    • Brown seed capsules that persist through winter

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Seed capsules serve as a winter food source

 
Maleberry 1.jpg
maleberry.jpeg
Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous tree

  • Height:

    • 30-60ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Pine cones

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts birds and butterflies

    • Pine cones serve as a winter food source

 
IMG_5058.HEIC
IMG_3684.jpg
Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous vine

  • Height:

    • Extends 60ft or more

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Yellow-white flowers in spring

    • Green-white fruit

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Foliage turns vibrant red in fall

 
Poison_Ivy_2.jpg
IMG_6802.JPG
Red Maple (Acer rubrum)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous tree

    Height:

    • 40-70ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Orange-red flowers in spring

    • Winged seeds

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Foliage turns vibrant yellows, orange, and red in fall

 
IMG_7518.jpg
IMG_7520.jpg
Roundleaf Greenbriar (Smilax rotundifolia)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub with vine-like growth

    Height:

    • Extends 3-20ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Yellow-green flowers in spring

    • Black-blue fruit that persists through winter

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts birds

    • Fruit serves as a winter food source

 
IMG_3685.jpg
Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous tree

  • Height:

    • 50-80ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Acorns

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Foliage turns vibrant red in fall

    • Acorns serve as a winter food source

 
Scarlet_Oak.jpg
IMG_7530.jpg
Scrub Oak (Quercus ilicifolia)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous tree

  • Height:

    • 12-20ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Acorns

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Acorns serve as a winter food source

 
Scrub Oak 1.jpg
Scrub_Oak_2.jpg
Sheep Laurel (Kalmia angustifolia)
  • Plant Type:

    • Evergreen shrub

    Height:

    • 1-3ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Pink flowers in summer

    • Brown fruit

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, and butterflies

 
Sheep Laurel 1.jpg
sheep laurel.jpeg
Shining Sumac (Rhus copallinum)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

    Height:

    • 5-15ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Yellow-green flowers in summer

    • Dull red fruit that persists through winter

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Foliage turns vibrant red and purple in fall

    • Fruit serves as a winter food source

 
Shining Sumac 1.jpg
IMG_7516.jpg
Smooth Arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

  • Height:

    • 5-10ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White flowers in spring

    • Blue fruit

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, and butterflies

 
Smooth_Arrowwood_2.jpg
DSC_0040.JPG
Spotted Wintergreen (Chimaphila maculata)
  • Plant Type:

    • Perennial plant

    Height:

    • 6-12in

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White-pink flowers in summer

    • Brown seed capsules

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees

 
spotted wintergreen 2.jpg
spotted wintergreen.jpeg
Starflower (Trientalis borealis)
  • Plant Type:

    • Perennial plant

    Height:

    • 4-8in

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White-green flowers in spring

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees

 
Starflower.jpg
starflower.jpeg
Swamp Azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

    Height:

    • 3-5ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White-pink flowers in spring

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees and butterflies

 
Swamp Azalea 1.jpg
swamp azalea.jpeg
Swamp Rose (Rosa palustris)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

    Height:

    • 3-8ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Pink flowers in spring

    • Red fruit that persists through winter

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees and birds

    • Fruit serves as a winter food source

 
Swamp Rose 1.jpg
Swamp_Rose_2.jpg
Sweet Pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

    Height:

    • 6-12ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White-pink, sweet-smelling flowers in summer

    • Brown seed capsules that persist through winter

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, and butterflies

    • Seed capsules serve as a winter food source

 
Sweet_Pepperbush_2.jpg
IMG_2054.HEIC
Trailing Arbutus (Epigaea repens)
  • Plant Type:

    • Perennial plant

    Height:

    • 2-6in

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White-pink flowers in spring

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, and butterflies

 
trailing 2.jpeg
trailing.jpeg
Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous vine

  • Height:

    • Extends 50ft or more

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Inconspicuous flowers in spring

    • Blue-black fruit

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Foliage turns vibrant red and purple in fall

 
IMG_2330.JPG
IMG_5057.HEIC
White Oak (Quercus alba)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous tree

    Height:

    • 80ft or more

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Acorns

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Foliage turns vibrant red in fall

    • Acorns serve as a winter food source

 
Wild Raisin (Viburnum nudum)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

    Height:

    • 6-12ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • White flowers in spring

    • Red fruit that turns blue-black

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Foliage turns vibrant orange and red in fall

 
Wild Raisin 1.jpg
Wild_Raisin_2.jpg
Wild Sarsparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)
  • Plant Type:

    • Perennial plant

  • Height:

    • 12-24in

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Green-white flowers in summer

    • Dark purple fruit

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees

 
Wild Sarsparilla.jpg
IMG_3691.jpg
Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
  • Plant Type:

    • Deciduous shrub

  • Height:

    • 5-15ft

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Inconspicuous yellow-white flowers in spring

    • Bright red fruit on female plants that persists through winter

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts bees, birds, butterflies, and mammals

    • Fruit serves as a winter food source

 
winterberry holly.jpeg
Winterberry_2.jpg
IMG_3738.jpg
IMG_3742.jpg
Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
  • Plant Type:

    • Evergreen shrub

    Height:

    • 1-4in

  • Flower / Fruit:

    • Bell-shaped, white-pink flowers in summer

    • Red fruit

  • Benefits:

    • Attracts birds and mammals

    • Fruit and leaves serve as a winter food source

 
Enjoy your visit to Frost Fish Creek!